Very recently Tayo Aina, a travel vlogger bagged a second passport to ease his travels and increase his visa-free access to more than one hundred countries. In an increasingly globalized world, the concept of citizenship by investment has gained significant traction.

This article delves into what citizenship by investment is, explores various countries offering such programs, and provides detailed insights into specific programs in Malta, Portugal, and Grenada. Additionally, we will address the common queries about the possibilities of obtaining citizenship in Canada and the UK through investment.

What is Citizenship by Investment?

Citizenship by investment is a legal process where an individual can acquire a new nationality by investing in the economy of the host country. This investment can be in the form of real estate, government bonds, or a business venture. The primary objective of these programs is to attract foreign capital and business expertise, thereby boosting the country’s economic development.

Benefits of Citizenship by Investment

Understanding the benefits of citizenship by investment is crucial for potential investors. These benefits range from enhanced global mobility to better business opportunities and improved quality of life. Here are some key advantages:

  1. Global Mobility: Citizenship by investment allows individuals to travel more freely, with access to more countries without the need for a visa. This means easier and more efficient international travel, which is particularly beneficial for business professionals and frequent travelers.
  2. Business Opportunities: By obtaining citizenship in a new country, investors can expand their business operations into new markets. This opens up new avenues for growth and diversification, providing access to a broader customer base and different economic environments.
  3. Quality of Life: Many countries offering citizenship by investment boast superior healthcare, education, and living standards. This means that investors and their families can enjoy a higher quality of life, with access to top-tier medical facilities and educational institutions.
  4. Tax Advantages: Certain countries with citizenship by investment programs offer favorable tax regimes, which can result in significant tax savings. This can be particularly advantageous for high-net-worth individuals looking to optimize their financial planning and reduce their tax burden.
  5. Security: Citizenship in a politically and economically stable country provides an additional layer of security. This stability can offer peace of mind, knowing that there is a safe and secure environment for living and conducting business.

Citizenship by Investment Countries

Several countries around the world offer citizenship by investment programs. These programs vary in terms of investment requirements, benefits, and the time it takes to acquire citizenship. Here are some popular destinations for citizenship by investment:

  1. Malta: Known for its strategic location in Europe, robust economy, and high quality of life.
  2. Portugal: Famous for its Golden Visa program, beautiful landscapes, and vibrant culture.
  3. Grenada: Offers a unique advantage with its E-2 Investor Visa Treaty with the United States.
  4. Kitts and Nevis: One of the oldest and most established programs.
  5. Dominica: Offers one of the most affordable and straightforward citizenship by investment programs.

Malta Citizenship by Investment

Malta’s citizenship by investment program, also known as the Malta Individual Investor Programme (MIIP), is one of the most prestigious in Europe. This program provides a pathway for investors to gain European Union citizenship, offering numerous benefits.


How to Get Malta Citizenship by Investment?

To obtain Malta citizenship by investment, applicants must meet specific eligibility criteria and make substantial investments. Here’s a breakdown:

  1. Eligibility: Applicants must be at least 18 years old and meet the residency requirement of 36 months (or 12 months under exceptional circumstances).
  2. Investment Requirements:
  • A minimum of €600,000 in direct investment to the National Development and Social Fund.
  • Purchase of real estate with a minimum value of €700,000 or lease of property with a rental value of at least €16,000 per annum.
  • A donation of at least €10,000 to a registered philanthropic, cultural, sport, scientific, animal welfare, or artistic NGO or society.

Portugal Citizenship by Investment

Portugal’s Golden Visa program is one of the most attractive in Europe due to its relatively low investment threshold and the potential for high returns. The country’s mild climate, friendly locals, and rich culinary scene further enhance its desirability, creating a harmonious blend of business and pleasure.

Portugal’s Golden Visa program is a gateway to the serene landscapes and vibrant culture of this Iberian gem.

portugal citizenship by investment

How to Get Portugal Citizenship by Investment?

The process of obtaining Portuguese citizenship through investment involves meeting specific eligibility criteria and making one of several types of investments. Here’s what you need to know:

  1. Eligibility: Non-EU/EEA nationals can apply.
  2. Investment Requirements:
  • Real estate investment of at least €500,000.
  • Transfer of capital of at least €1 million.
  • Creation of at least 10 jobs.
  • Other options include investment in research, arts, or restoring cultural heritage.

Grenada Citizenship by Investment

Grenada offers a distinctive edge with its E-2 Investor Visa Treaty with the United States, providing a unique pathway to U.S. residency. The island’s lush landscapes, pristine beaches, and stable political environment make it a Caribbean paradise for investors. Grenada’s focus on sustainable development and eco-tourism adds a modern twist to its traditional charm.

grenada citizenship by investment

How to Get Grenada Citizenship by Investment?

To become a citizen of Grenada through investment, applicants must fulfill certain criteria and make specified investments. Here’s a detailed look:

  1. Eligibility: Applicants must be at least 18 years old and pass a due diligence check.
  2. Investment Requirements:

St. Kitts and Nevis Citizenship by Investment

St. Kitts and Nevis has one of the oldest and most established citizenship by investment programs, dating back to 1984. Known for its efficiency and credibility, this program offers a swift route to a second passport with a rich cultural tapestry and serene environment.

St. Kitts and Nevis

How to Get St. Kitts and Nevis Citizenship by Investment?

Gaining citizenship in St. Kitts and Nevis involves straightforward eligibility criteria and various investment options. Here’s an outline:

  1. Eligibility: Applicants must be at least 18 years old, possess a clean criminal record, and pass a due diligence check.
  2. Investment Requirements:
  • A non-refundable contribution of $150,000 to the Sustainable Growth Fund (SGF).
  • Investment in pre-approved real estate with a minimum value of $200,000, held for at least seven years.
  • Alternatively, a real estate investment of $400,000, which can be sold after five years.

Dominica Citizenship by Investment

Dominica’s citizenship by investment program is celebrated for its affordability and simplicity, attracting a diverse range of investors. Known as the “Nature Island,” Dominica offers unparalleled natural beauty with its rainforests, hot springs, and vibrant marine life.

Dominica Citizenship

How to Get Dominica Citizenship by Investment?

Dominica’s straightforward application process and flexible investment options make it an appealing choice. Here’s what you need to know:

  1. Eligibility: Applicants must be at least 18 years old, of good character, without any criminal record, and pass a due diligence check.
  2. Investment Requirements:
  • A non-refundable contribution to the Economic Diversification Fund (EDF) of at least $100,000 for a single applicant.
  • Investment in pre-approved real estate with a minimum value of $200,000, held for at least three years.
  • These detailed insights into each country’s program provide a comprehensive guide for potential investors considering citizenship by investment in 2024.

Can I Get Citizenship in Canada by Investment?

Canada does not offer a direct citizenship by investment program. However, the country has several investor immigration programs that can lead to permanent residency and, eventually, citizenship. The most notable is the Quebec Immigrant Investor Program (QIIP).

can i get citizenship in canada

How to Get Canadian Citizenship through Investment?

To obtain Canadian citizenship through investment, one must first secure permanent residency by meeting specific eligibility requirements and making a significant investment. Here are the details:

  1. Eligibility:
  • Applicants must have a minimum net worth of CAD 2 million.
  • Two years of business management experience.
  1. Investment Requirements:
  • Invest CAD 1.2 million in a government-approved investment for five years with no interest.

Can I Get UK Citizenship by Investment?

The UK does not provide direct citizenship by investment. However, it offers the Tier 1 (Investor) visa, which can eventually lead to indefinite leave to remain (ILR) and then citizenship. This route is ideal for high-net-worth individuals looking to establish a presence in the UK.


How to Get UK Citizenship through Investment?

To acquire UK citizenship through the investment route, applicants must initially secure a Tier 1 (Investor) visa by fulfilling eligibility criteria and making substantial investments. Here’s what’s required:

  1. Eligibility:
  • Applicants must have at least £2 million available for investment in the UK.
  1. Investment Requirements:
  • Invest £2 million or more in UK government bonds, share capital, or loan capital in active and trading UK-registered companies.


Citizenship by investment programs provide an avenue for individuals to obtain a second passport and enjoy the benefits of global mobility, economic opportunities, and enhanced quality of life. Malta, Portugal, and Grenada offer some of the most attractive programs, each with unique advantages. While countries like Canada and the UK do not offer direct citizenship by investment, their investor visa programs can be a pathway to eventual citizenship.

For anyone considering citizenship by investment in 2024, it is crucial to thoroughly research and understand the specific requirements and benefits of each program. Consulting with legal and financial experts can also help ensure a smooth and successful application process.