In Nigeria, the significance of a conveyance deed cannot be overstated. Whether you’re a property buyer or seller, understanding the intricacies of this legal document is paramount. This article aims to shed light on what a conveyance deed entails, its importance, and how it differs from other related documents such as the deed of assignment. So, let’s delve into conveyance deeds and unravel their importance in Nigeria.

What is Conveyance Deed?

A conveyance deed, also known as a deed of conveyance, is a legal document that facilitates the transfer of property ownership from one party to another in Nigeria. This document outlines the terms and conditions of the property transfer, including the rights and obligations of both the buyer and the seller. Essentially, it serves as proof of ownership and ensures that the transaction is legally binding.

What is a Deed of Reconveyance?

A deed of reconveyance, on the other hand, is a document used to transfer title back to the original owner once a mortgage or loan secured by the property has been paid off. This deed is commonly used in mortgage transactions to release the property from the lender’s lien once the debt has been satisfied.

Difference between Deed of Assignment and Deed of Conveyance

While both deeds involve the transfer of property rights, they differ in their scope and purpose. A deed of assignment is used to transfer the rights or interests in a property from one party to another. On the contrary, a conveyance deed transfers full ownership of the property from the seller to the buyer. In essence, a conveyance deed is a more comprehensive document that transfers both legal and equitable interests in the property.

Why a Conveyance Deed is Required?

The requirement for a conveyance deed in Nigeria stems from the need to ensure a clear and undisputed transfer of property ownership. Without a conveyance deed, the transfer of property rights may be deemed invalid or open to legal disputes. Additionally, having a registered conveyance deed provides legal protection to both the buyer and the seller, safeguarding their interests in the property.

Importance of Conveyance Deed

The importance of a conveyance deed cannot be overstated. Firstly, it serves as concrete evidence of property ownership, which is crucial for establishing ownership rights and resolving disputes. Secondly, a registered conveyance deed offers protection against fraud and ensures that the transaction is legally valid. Moreover, having a conveyance deed in place enhances the marketability of the property, making it easier to sell or mortgage in the future.

How to Get a Conveyance Deed

Obtaining a conveyance deed in Nigeria involves several steps. Firstly, both the buyer and the seller must agree on the terms and conditions of the property transfer. Next, a qualified legal practitioner or conveyancer should draft the conveyance deed, ensuring that it complies with the relevant laws and regulations. Once the deed is executed, it should be registered with the appropriate land registry or authority to make it legally binding.


In conclusion, a conveyance deed plays a pivotal role in the Nigerian real estate sector by facilitating the seamless transfer of property ownership. From outlining the terms of the transaction to providing legal protection to both parties, the importance of a conveyance deed cannot be overstated. Therefore, whether you’re buying or selling property in Nigeria, ensuring the proper execution and registration of a conveyance deed is essential for a smooth and legally sound transaction.